Harvard referencing essay format

When citing a single chapter in a larger book, it is important to ensure that you add the page range pp. When citing an individual chapter, you should also always include the edition of the book in the citation you do not have to do this for other books unless it is notthe first edition. Chapter title. King, S. The best wines and where to find them.

In: Loftus, E. Nottingham: Delectable Publications, pp. In text, the author's texts can usually be differentiated by year. They should be listed in chronological order of publication. Where you are citing two works by the same author which were published in the same year, these should be labelled with 'a', 'b', 'c' and so on directly after the year. Reference a Book Reference a Book Chapter. Jenkins, O. Unusual Recipes and Cantonese Cuisine. Culinary Research, Volume 5 8 , pp. In-text citations for an online journal article remain unchanged from the way you would cite a print article.

The citation in the reference list does have a few differences, however. Last name, First initial. Article Title. Available from: URL. Available at: www. Newspaper citations are rendered similarly to journal articles when they are found online; the same differences in formatting occur, as the example below illustrates. Bell, Y. Man with unusual tastes eats chalk for breakfast. The Weekly Herald, p. Lees, P. Freaky eaters. Year, Month Day. Retrieved from: URL. Ilkes, J. Healthy Lifestyles, 12 , pp.

Why Dried Fruit is a Diet Staple. Healthy Lifestyles. Retrieved from: www. Reference a Journal Article. Last updated: if this information is available.


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HealthTips Superfoods and where to find them. Last updated 20 May Last name of author, First initial. Title of page [Social media format]. Proud, F. Food lovers group [Facebook]. Written 5 June Available from: www. Year of release. Country of Origin: Film studio or maker.

Any other relevant details. Username of contributor. Video Title , Series Title if relevant. Available at: URL. Egg custard — simple recipe! Broadcasting organisation and channel, date and time of transmission. World Kitchen: Nigeria, episode 5. BBC 1, first transmitted 30 July , Year of production. Title of image. Hewer, D. Women enjoying a cup of tea. Document number , London: Food Photography Library. Map maker's name. Year of issue. Title of map. Map series, sheet number, scale. Place of publication: publisher.

SpeedyQuest maps. Map of Biddiford. Local Maps, sheet 5, scale Nottingham: Local Publications. Programme title , series title if relevant. Innovative Baking , Innovative Food. Transmitted 16 October Marks and Spencers.

Harvard: Reference List and Bibliography

Last name of author, first initial. Title of dissertation. Official name of university. Neath, G. An examination of Mexican food in popular culture. Masters level. If you need clarification, La Trobe University has additional information. If you need clarification, Southern Cross University has additional information.

Harvard style

When there are multiple works by the same author, place the citations in order by year. When sources are published in the same year, place them in alphabetical order by the title. If you need clarification, Anglia Ruskin University has additional information. When citing journal articles found on a database or through a website, include all of the components found in a citation of a print journal, but also include the medium [online] , the website URL, and the date that the article was accessed.

Include the url at the end of the citation with the date it was accessed in brackets. Archival materials are information sources that are used to provide evidence of past events.

Planning, organising and writing academic essays (APA / Harvard)

Archival materials are generally collected and housed by organizations, such as universities, libraries, repositories, or historical societies. Examples can include manuscripts, letters, diaries, or any other artifact that the organization decides to collect and house. If you need clarification, Staffordshire University has additional information. Conference proceedings are academic papers or presentations that are created or used for the purpose of a meeting or conference.

If you need clarification, The University of Tasmania has additional information.

Harvard Referencing style

A dissertation is a lengthy paper or project, generally created as a requirement to obtain a doctoral degree. If you need clarification, Southampton Solent University has additional information.


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If you need clarification, University of Bedfordshire has additional information. If you need clarification, University of Southern Queensland has additional information.

On this page

An encyclopedia is a book, or set of books, used to find information on a variety of subjects. Most encyclopedias are organized in alphabetical order. If you need clarification, University of Tasmania has additional information. Government publications consist of documents that are issued by local, state, or federal governments, offices, or subdivisions.