Sir isaac newton biography essay
Galileo had proposed the foundations of a new mechanics built on the principle of inertia.
Biography Of Sir Isaac Newton 's Life
Led by Descartes , philosophers had begun to formulate a new conception of nature as an intricate, impersonal, and inert machine. Yet as far as the universities of Europe, including Cambridge, were concerned, all this might well have never happened. They continued to be the strongholds of outmoded Aristotelianism , which rested on a geocentric view of the universe and dealt with nature in qualitative rather than quantitative terms.
Even though the new philosophy was not in the curriculum, it was in the air. He had thoroughly mastered the works of Descartes and had also discovered that the French philosopher Pierre Gassendi had revived atomism , an alternative mechanical system to explain nature.
Significantly, he had read Henry More , the Cambridge Platonist, and was thereby introduced to another intellectual world, the magical Hermetic tradition, which sought to explain natural phenomena in terms of alchemical and magical concepts.
Biography of Sir Isaac Newton Essay
The two traditions of natural philosophy, the mechanical and the Hermetic, antithetical though they appear, continued to influence his thought and in their tension supplied the fundamental theme of his scientific career. He then reached back for the support of classical geometry. Within little more than a year, he had mastered the literature; and, pursuing his own line of analysis, he began to move into new territory. He discovered the binomial theorem , and he developed the calculus , a more powerful form of analysis that employs infinitesimal considerations in finding the slopes of curves and areas under curves.
On his own, without formal guidance, he had sought out the new philosophy and the new mathematics and made them his own, but he had confined the progress of his studies to his notebooks. Then, in , the plague closed the university, and for most of the following two years he was forced to stay at his home, contemplating at leisure what he had learned. It was during this time that he examined the elements of circular motion and, applying his analysis to the Moon and the planets , derived the inverse square relation that the radially directed force acting on a planet decreases with the square of its distance from the Sun —which was later crucial to the law of universal gravitation.
The world heard nothing of these discoveries.
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Top Questions. Start Your Free Trial Today. She went to live with him while Isaac Newton lived with his grandmother. His mother returned to Woolsthorpe in when her second husband died and Isaac Newton went to live with her again. During this time he lodged with an apothecary and his family. Then in , Isaac had to leave to help his mother on the family farm.
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Isaac was not in the slightest bit interested in running a farm and in he went to the grammar school again. In he went to Trinity College Cambridge. Isaac Newton obtained a BA in In Isaac Newton was forced to flee Cambridge because of an outbreak of the plague and he returned temporarily to Woolsthorpe. He returned to university in In Isaac Newton was elected a fellow of Trinity College.
The same year he was elected a member of the Royal Society. In February a paper he wrote about light and colours was read to the society. In Isaac Newton became Lucasian professor of mathematics. In the meantime, in , he invented a reflecting telescope.